IKONOS Satellite Image (1 m) – Angkor Wat Temple, Cambodia
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Created as a constant reminder of a greater cosmic order, the observatory at Angkor Wat shows several apparent solar alignments with a nearby mountaintop shrine. A person standing at Pre Rup, six kilometers away, could watch the sun set over Angkor Wat at winter solstice. A person standing in the southwestern corner of the temple could watch a rising sun through the eastern gate during the summer solstice.
The modern name, Angkor Wat, means “City Temple”. Built for king Suryavarman II between 802 and 1220 AD and surrounded by a moat nearly 200 meters wide, the temple is a prime example of Khmer architecture, and it has become symbolic of Cambodian culture, appearing on the nation’s flag.